Cervical cancer can often be prevented by having regular screening to find any precancers so they can be treated. Preventing precancers means controlling possible risk factors, such as:
Delaying first sexual intercourse until the late teens or older
Limiting the number of sex partners
Avoiding sexual intercourse with people who have had many partners
Avoiding sexual intercourse with people who are obviously infected with genital warts or show other symptoms
The HPV vaccine helps prevent cervical cancer caused by HPV. Gardasil 9 is available in the United States for preventing infection from HPV-16, HPV-18, and 5 additional types of HPV linked with cancer.
You can lessen your cervical cancer risk by reducing the likelihood you'll get HPV. If you're between the ages of 9 and 26, you can get the HPV vaccine. While there are different kinds of HPV vaccines on the market, they all protect against types 16 and 18, which are the two most cancer-causing types. Some vaccines provide immunity against even more HPV types. It's ideal to get this vaccine before becoming sexually active. Other ways to help prevent cervical cancer include the following: Get routine Pap tests. Talk to your doctor about the recommended frequency of Pap tests based on your age and medical conditions. Practice safe sex. Have your partner wear a condom each time you have sex. Don't smoke. Women who smoke are at greater risk for cervical cancers.
Treatment of stage IB and stage IIA cervical cancer may include the following: Radiation therapy with chemotherapy given at the same time. Radical hysterectomy and removal of pelvic lymph nodes with or without radiation therapy to the pelvis, plus chemotherapy.
Test Method 1 : Liquid-based cytology is a method of preparing samples for examination in cytopathology. The sample is collected, normally by a small brush, in the same way as for a conventional smear test, but rather than the smear being transferred directly to a microscope slide, the sample is deposited into a small bottle of preservative liquid. At the laboratory the liquid is treated to remove other elements such as mucus before a layer of cells is placed on a slide. The technique allows more accurate results.