Interferon or combination anti-viral therapy can be of value for some people with certain stages of chronic hepatitis B. the treatment is not curative but aims to prevent complications (i. e. liver damage, cirrhosis, liver failure and hepato-cellular carcinoma). People with acute hepatitis should avoid alcohol and drugs that are toxic to the liver, including acetaminophen (Tylenol) during the acute illness and for several months after recovery.
Fatty foods may cause vomiting and are best avoided during the acute phase of the illness.
The hepatitis B vaccine offers excellent protection against HBV. The vaccine is safe and highly effective. Vaccination consists of 3 doses of vaccine over the course of 6 months. Protection lasts for 20 years to life. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all children should receive hepatitis B vaccine starting at birth. The CDC recommends hepatitis B vaccine for persons traveling to countries where HBV is common If you have one or more risk factors for hepatitis B infection, you should get a simple HBV blood test. The blood test will determine whether you are: immune to hepatitis B; or susceptible to hepatitis B and need vaccination; or infected with hepatitis B and need further evaluation by a physician
There is no specific treatment for acute hepatitis B infections. Symptoms are usually treated with supportive care. This usually involves making sure that you are getting plenty of rest and enough fluids and nutrition by eating and drinking small amounts several times a day.
Chronic forms of hepatitis B may be treated with antiviral medications such as interferon, entecavir, tenofovir, lamivudine, and adefovir. However, some antiviral drugs can have serious side effects and not all people need to be treated. Often, people with chronic hepatitis will be closely monitored to see if they develop cirrhosis or liver cancer. It is important to talk to your health care provider about your treatment options and the risks and benefits of those currently available.