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Know more about APOLIPOPROTEIN - B (APO-B) test

APOLIPOPROTEIN - B (APO-B) test is recommend to diagnose a rare hereditary deficiency called Apolipoprotein B (APO-B) deficiency. Besides that, this test also helps to monitorthe risk of developing Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) and check the progress of an ongoing treatment for high cholesterol.

The doctor prescribes for Apolipoprotein B (APO-B) test in addition to Lipid test and Apolipoprotein A-1. 

This is because the doctor suspects you of suffering from heart disease based on if you have a family history of heart disease and high lipid levels. 

Besides, when a person shows the signs of high triglyceride levels, the doctor suspects of a high risk of Cardiovascular Disease.

Apolipoprotein B is also known as Apolipoprotein B 100 or APO-B. It is a type of protein which is the main component of lipoproteins. This protein is responsible for the metabolism of lipids.

There are two main components of liprotein called very-low-density lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein. Hence this test measures the total amount of Apolipoprotein B present in the blood.

Apolipoprotein gets dissolved with lipids and flows into the bloodstream. While most of the lipoproteins that are present in the body are cholesterol and triglyceride.   

On the other hand, there are chylomicrons which are considered as particles of lipoprotein. The role of this lipoprotein is to transfer dietary lipids from the digestive tract to tissues of liver through the bloodstream. 

If this test is prescribed along other additional test, you will need to fast for 12 before the blood test.

Depending on your test results, the doctor will prescribe you with dietary changes and medication as per your medical history.

Test Method: A blood sample will be collected from a vein of your arm.

Test Report: Turn Around Time is 24 hours.

The doctor prescribes this test if you have a family history of heart disease or is at the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Or if your doctor suspects you of suffering from the rare hereditary disease. 



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