Avoid stepping in puddles of water. They not only contain rain water, but also runoff from sewage, open fields and roads, adding to the possibility that it might contain the bacteria.
If walking in puddles is unavoidable, make sure to wash your shoes and feet well with clean water once you reach your destination. Pour water and clean the area between the toes especially well. (Read: Foot care made easy)
Avoid standing in a puddle for long periods of time. This will help reduce the chances of contracting the disease.
Wear shoes that allow the drainage of puddle water and that can be washed. This will allow any excess water to drain out as you walk and allow for thorough cleaning and drying after you wash them. Washing the shoes is imperative because if you step into puddle water filled shoes with well washed feet, the whole process is useless.
Once you have the opportunity, wash your feet and hands well with water and soap, making sure you scrub well between the toes and fingers.
Scientists have developed vaccines that seem to provide some protection against leptospirosis. Vaccines for humans are only available in some countries, such as Cuba and France. However, these vaccines may only protect against certain forms of Leptospira bacteria, and they may not provide long-term immunity. There's no vaccine available for humans in the United States. If you work with animals or animal products, you can lower your risk of infection by wearing protective gear that includes: waterproof shoes goggles gloves You should also follow proper sanitation and rat-control measures to help prevent the spread of Leptospira bacteria.
Most cases of simple leptospirosis are mild and self-limiting, meaning they resolve on their own. If you're diagnosed with Weil's disease, you may be hospitalized. In the hospital, you will likely receive antibiotics intravenously. This will help clear the underlying bacterial infection. Penicillin and doxycycline are two of the preferred antibiotics.
You may also receive additional treatments, depending on your symptoms and which organs are affected. For example, if you're having trouble breathing, you may be connected to a ventilator. If your kidneys have been infected and damaged, you may need to undergo dialysis.
Test Method 1 : A sample of your blood will be needed to perform the test. The blood is tested with compounds that will react with antibodies in your blood.
The blood sample is obtained through ñvenipuncture, î in which a needle is inserted into a vein in your arm or hand. The needle draws a small amount of blood into tubing, and the sample is stored in a test tube.