The Liver Function Test is also known as LFT test. The LFT test helps to determine various liver infections that can cause Hepatitis (Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C) and Cirrhosis. Also the test is helpful to detect diabetes, high blood pressure, anemia, and gall bladder disease. Besides that the test also helps to monitor an ongoing liver disease treatment such as alcohholic and viral hepatitis, and also to keep a check on the ongoing medications.
The basic purpose of the Liver Function test is to examine the certain level of protein and enzymes present in your blood. When the test detects abnormal levels indicating a high level of these substances in the present indicates you are suffering from liver disease.
The liver being one of the largest organ present in the body has bigger role to play in the functioning of the body. The main function of the liver is to regulate the metabolism and detoxify various substances that are harmful to the body. During the process, the liver produces blood clotting factors such as proteins and enzymes which are responsible for maintaining the hormonal balance followed by storing vitamins and minerals.
The liver also produces a fluid called bile that is responsible for digesting fats in the gall bladder.
Thus, the test measures the total amount of protein and enzymes present in the blood.
This liver function test includes a series of tests clubbed together to identify the liver disease are:
Alanine Transaminase Test
Aspartate Aminotransferase Test
Alkaline Phosphate Test
A combination of these test is called Liver Function test.