The Lipid Profile test helps to measure the total amount of fats and cholesterol present in your blood. The test includes a group of test: Total cholesterol level, Good cholesterol, Bad cholesterol and Triglyceride levels. Thus, this test helps to detect if you are prone to cardiovascular diseases in the future and also monitors the ongoing treatment of unhealthy lipid panels.
Lipids are a type of fat-like substances present in the cells are the main source of energy. Thus lipid is divided into two parts: Cholesterol and Triglycerides. These two lipids get transferred to the body via lipoproteins. Hence, these lipoproteins contain cholesterol, triglyceride, protein, and phosphoprotein molecules.
The Lipid test is a series of test clubbed together to measure the density of lipoproteins in the following panel:
There is arequirement of fasting of 10 to 12 hours for adults above athe age of 25. While childrena and yound adults below the age of 25 do not require fatsing.
The doctor will prescribe you treatment and medication to be followed with a lifestyle change.
You will need to reduce the consumption of saturated and trans-fat. Instead, you will require to increase the consumption of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. You will be advised to take more of soluble fiber in your daily diet while reducing the intake of sugar and alcohol.
Also, when you are overweight, you will need to shed down the extra weight.