Someone has had an unexplained blood clot in a vein or artery; signs and symptoms can range from pain, swelling, and discoloration in the leg in the case of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) to fatigue, sweating, and rapid breathing with a pulmonary embolism (PE).
An individual has signs and symptoms of APS; these may be similar to the ones mentioned above.
The medications slow the time it takes for blood to clot. They also prevent clots from growing. Blood thinners also prevent more clots from forming in most patients. The most common blood thinners used today are heparin, low molecular weight heparin, and warfarin.
Take the following steps to help prevent blood clots from forming: Avoid most birth control pills or hormone treatments for menopause (women). DO NOT smoke or use other tobacco products. Get up and move around during long plane flights or other times when you have to sit or lie down for extended periods. Move your ankles up and down when you cannot move around.
You will be prescribed blood-thinning medicines (such as heparin and warfarin) to help prevent blood clots:
After a bone fracture
With active cancer
When you need to set or lie down for long periods of time, such as during a hospital stay or recovering at home
You may also need to take blood thinners for 3 to 4 weeks after surgery to lower your risk of blood clots.