The test may be ordered when a person has an infection, like pneumonia or meningitis, and it is not known whether the cause is bacterial or non-bacterial. Sometimes the test may be ordered when a child has signs and symptoms that suggest a urinary tract infection.
If you have severe sepsis and septic shock, antibiotics will be given directly into a vein (intravenously). Ideally, antibiotic treatment should start within an hour of diagnosis to reduce the risk of serious complications or death. Intravenous antibiotics are usually replaced by tablets after two to four days.
By doing things that prevent the spread of infection, you can reduce your risk of developing sepsis. These include: Staying up to date on your vaccinations. Getting vaccinated for the flu , pneumonia , and other infections. Practicing good hygiene. This means practicing proper wound care , hand washing, and bathing regularly. Getting immediate care if you develop signs of infection. Every minute counts when it comes to sepsis treatment. The sooner you get treatment, the better the outcome.
Sepsis can quickly progress to septic shock and death if it is left untreated. Doctors use a number of medications to treat sepsis, including:
antibiotics via IV to fight infection
vasoactive medications to increase blood pressure
insulin to stabilize blood sugar
corticosteroids to reduce inflammation
Severe sepsis may also require large amounts of IV fluids and a respirator for breathing. Dialysis might be necessary if the kidneys are affected. Kidneys help filter harmful wastes, salt, and excess water from the blood.