This test is done to detect liver cancer, ovarian cancer or cancer in testicles. Besides, doctors monitor an ongoing cancer treatment or for any recurring symtoms. Also, this test the health status of people already suffering from cirrhosis or hepatitis.
Level of AFP in a pregnant woman's blood is measured. An elevated level of AFP indicates there may be congenital anomalies in the fetus.
An AFP test can also be done as part of a screening test to find other chromosomal problems, such as Down syndrome (trisomy 21) or Edwards syndrome (trisomy 18). An AFP test can help find an omphalocele, a congenital problem in which some of the baby's intestines stick out through the belly wall.
Normally, low levels of AFP can be found in the blood of a pregnant woman. No AFP (or only a very low level) is generally found in the blood of healthy men or healthy, nonpregnant women.
This test is specifically prescribed for women aged above 35 in conditions such as:
someone with a family history of birth defects
consumption of harmful medications during pregnancy
Test Method 1: You’ll need to get your blood drawn for an AFP test. Having blood drawn is an outpatient procedure that’s usually performed at a diagnostic lab. The procedure takes only a few minutes and is relatively painless. No special preparation is necessary before an AFP test.
A healthcare professional will use a small needle to withdraw blood from a vein, usually in your arm or hand. A laboratory specialist will analyze the sample. Results are typically available within one to two weeks.
Report available: The TAT for this test is around 7 to 12 days.