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About Alanine Aminotransferase (SGPT) test

Alanine Aminotransferase (SGPT) test

₹250 ₹150

Know more about Alanine Aminotransferase (SGPT) test

Alanine Aminotransferase is type of blood test that diagnoses if your are suffering from any liver damage or how the liver is functioning (mostly for a healthy body). When there is Liver damage, it causes an increase in the SGPT or ALT levels. This test can evaluate the levels of SGPT in your bloodstream, but it doesn't show how much of your liver is damaged. Due to this there is prsence of fibrosis or scarring. This test is often suggested or combined along with other liver enzyme tests as well. With the checking of SGPT levels along with other liver enzymes levels can help your doctor with more specific information on your liver function. An SGPT test are also performed to: Monitor the progression of any type ofliver diseases, such as hepatitis or liver failure. It gives assess to the information on whether treatment for liver disease needs attention through medication. Also, helps in evaluating how well treatment is working on your liver if any ongoing treatment is there.

The symptoms for liver disease includes: 

jaundice- it shows is yellowing of the skin and whitening of the eyes. 

dark yellow color urine

nausea

vomiting

right upper abdominal pain

abdominal pain along with swelling 

Swelling of the leg and ankle

Itchy skin 

Pale or bloody or tar-colored stool

Chronic fatigue

This test measures the serum SGPT level. The normal value for SGPT in the blood is between 7 and 55 units per liter, but it varies depending on the hospital. The range can be affected by certain factors like gender and age.   

When abnormal results appear after the test:

Higher levels of SGPT can indicate liver damage.

Raised SGPT level is due to result of: 

hepatitis infection, an inflammatory condition of the liver

cirrhosis, severe scarring of the liver

death of liver tissues

tumor or cancer in the liver

lack of blood flow to the liver

hemochromatosis, a disorder leading iron to build up in the body

mononucleosis, an infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus

pancreatitis, an inflammation of the pancreas

If your test results show liver damage or disease, you may need to go through some more test to determine the underlying cause that will help your doctor to suggest you a better treatment. 

You will asked by your doctor to fast that night before the test. Avoid intake of food and even water for forthnight. Inform your doctor about the medications or any supplements that you are taking. After which your doctor will advise accordingly.

If any acute liver failure is detected early, it helps to find the cause behind it. It has been observed that if there is an overdose of acetaminophen, there is a way to reverse the side effects and treatment is given accordingly.  Similarly, treatment is provided for symptoms of liver failure caused by virus infection. In those cases, sometimes, the liver recovers on its own. When the liver stops functioning, a liver transplant is suggested by the doctor. Fortunately, a liver transplant is now a common procedure available in most of the hospitals. 

Test Method 1: Small amount of blood is collected from a vein of your arm. Then the blood sample is transferred to a lab in a small tube.

For infants or young children, a sharp tool named lancet is used to puncture into the skin. 

Report available: The Turn around time is around 24 hours.

An individual is detected with the symptoms of liver disorder such as jaundice, hepatitis virus with abdominal pain with swelling, chronic fatigue, nausea or vomiting, and itchy skin. 

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