The calcium test is always accompanied with two test panel: one is Comprehensive Metabolic Panel and the other is Basic Metabolic Panel. Generally, this test helps to diagnose various diseases and conditions related to calcium deficiency, bone disease, nerve problem, thyroid disease, kidney disease, parathyroid disorder, malnutrition and cancer (lung, breast, neck).
Calcium test helps to measure that quantity of calcium present in your body (blood and urine). Calcium is required in your body for maintaining the mineral content in your body for the proper functioning of:
Releasing hormones, strengthen the bones and teeth, narrow and widen blood vessels, contract the muscles, send and receive nerve messages and clot of blood. Hence it is vital for cell signaling and proper functioning of heart, nerves, muscles, and heart.
Most of the calcium storage happens in the bones while 1% of calcium is stored in the blood. Calcium is stored in blood in two forms: Free calcium and Bound Calcium. Bound calcium is attached to albumin (protein) and other substances present in your blood.