To determine your general health status; to screen for, diagnose, or monitor any one of a variety of diseases and conditions that affect blood cells, such as anemia, infection, inflammation, bleeding disorder or cancer.
Complete blood count (CBC), which determines the number, size, volume, and hemoglobin content of red blood cells
Blood iron level and your serum ferritin level, the best indicators of your body's total iron stores
Levels of vitamin B12 and folate, vitamins necessary for red blood cell production
Special blood tests to detect rare causes of anemia, such as an immune attack on your red blood cells, red blood cell fragility, and defects of enzymes, hemoglobin, and clotting
Reticulocyte count, bilirubin, and other blood and urine tests to determine how quickly your blood cells are being made or if you have a hemolytic anemia, where your red blood cells have a shortened life span
Only in rare cases will a doctor need to remove a sample of bone marrow to determine the cause of your anemia.
When caused by inadequate iron intake, iron deficiency anemia can be prevented by eating a diet high in iron-rich foods and vitamin C. Mothers should make sure to feed their babies breast milk or iron-fortified infant formula. Foods high in iron include: meat, such as lamb, pork, chicken, and beef beans pumpkin and squash seeds leafy greens, such as spinach raisins and other dried fruit eggs seafood, such as clams, sardines, shrimp, and oysters iron-fortified dry and instant cereals
Iron tablets can help restore iron levels in your body. If possible, you should take iron tablets on an empty stomach, which helps the body absorb them better. If they upset your stomach, you can take them with meals. You may need to take the supplements for several months.
Diets that include the following foods can help treat or prevent iron deficiency:
Test Method 1 : A phlebotomist collects the sample through venipuncture, drawing the blood into a test tube containing an anticoagulant (EDTA, sometimes citrate) to stop it from clotting. The sample is then transported to a laboratory. Sometimes the sample is drawn off a finger prick using a Pasteur pipette for immediate processing by an automated counter.